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Teknik Fotografi


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#1 cIpUt

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Posted 26 January 2006 - 10:19 AM

7 Tips for Shooting Great Landscape Photos

Are you a fan of landscape photos? Landscapes are a lot of fun to take - from pictures of mountains and rivers to peaceful shots of the setting sun. Whenever Iím on vacation, I always try to look for creative ways to shoot the landscape. Better yet, if you have the time and means, landscapes give you an opportunity to stitch pictures together to create a panorama. So letís take a look at some tips for shooting landscape photos.



Tip 1: Bring a Tripod

Always bring a tripod if you plan on shooting landscapes. Even if the day is sunny, you may need to use a small aperture to achieve a great depth of field. In such cases, you may be using a low shutter speed Ė which leads to camera shake if you canít hold the camera stable in your hands. Hence the need for a tripod. If you need a good travel tripod, I recommend the Vanguard Tourist-2 Ė Iíve used it for years and it functions very well.



Tip 2: Cable Release

One good tip is to carry a cable release. Instead of using the timer function on the camera, use the cable release. This ensures that you can trigger the shutter at precisely the right timing. In turn, this leads to reduced camera shake and a more beautiful photo.



Tip 3: Use the Right Filters

Filters are important when taking landscape photos. There are different types of filters that I use Ė polarizers, neutral density filters and graduated neutral density filters.

Polarizers are useful for reducing glare from water and other reflective surfaces. These create a more well-balanced and beautiful picture.

Neutral density filters will stop a specified amount of light entering the camera. I tend to use these for shooting waterfalls on a sunny day.

Graduated neutral density filters are a slight variation of this Ė they are dark on top and clear on the bottom, creating a Ďgradual transitioní from the dark to clear area. These filters are good for blocking out bright parts of a scene (say the sky) to create a more evenly exposed picture.




Tip 4: Research the Landscape

One thing to do before taking landscape photos is to do some background research on the landscape. If youíre taking pictures of the Nigara Falls, or the Grand Canyon, try to do some background study on what the most scenic spots are.

Itís also good to check out the weather conditions of the place. Check up the papers Ė if the weather doesnít look good, you may want to try shooting another day.




Tip 5: Lenses

For shooting landscape photos, itís usually best to bring wide-angle lenses. I also bring along a telephoto lens in case I want to shot some creative, zoomed-in shots.




Tip 6: Composition

Another thing to remember is that composition rules are still important in landscape photos. Make sure you have something in the foreground, mid-ground and background.




Tip 7: Shoot at the Right Time

For landscape photography, one thing I realize is that you should avoid shooting during mid-day. There is a lot of harsh lighting and bad shadow effects during that period. Early morning or late afternoon tends to be best.




Conclusion

As you can see, landscape photography poses its own challenges. However, bear the above tips in mind the next time youíre taking these photos, and Iím sure youíll be much happier with your prints!

#2 cIpUt

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Posted 26 January 2006 - 10:22 AM

Learn How To Capture Action Shots



Do you find it a problem to shoot great action shots? Whether you are shooting pictures of a soccer match, or a fast moving car, you may find it a great challenge to produce nice pictures of these subjects. In fact, the first thing youíll realize is that digital Cameras are bad for action shots. That is why first time users, new to digital photography often gripe about how lousy their action shots turn out.

This article will give you some tips for shooting action shots with a digital camera. Apply these tips and Iím sure you have a better chance of getting a nice action shot.



Shutter Lag

One of the major reasons why digital camera cannot shoot nice action shots is due to shutter lag. On many digital cameras, when you press the shutter button, it may take an entire second before the photo is taken. A traditional, analogue 35mm camera can take the picture within 50 milliseconds. There is a world of difference between 1 second and 50 milliseconds.

What this means is that you need to compensate for shutter lag when shooting action shots. Give extra time when framing your shot, so that when you depress the shutter button, the photo will get taken at precisely the right time. Another option, of course, if to get a higher end camera which offers less shutter lag.




Take Control Shots

Another factor influencing action photography is the shutter speed of your camera. If your camera allows a very fast shutter speed (say up to 1/8000 of a second), you can easily capture fast motion. If it only supports a slower shutter speed (say 1/640 of a second), then you wonít be able to capture such fast motion. One way to capture motion with a slow shutter speed is to use the panning technique. When you next shoot a fast action shot, try following through with the subject. Track the subject, shoot the picture, then continue moving the camera. If you practise long enough, youíll be able to get a sharp subject with a blurred background Ė which is a nice effect.




Camera Write Times

The write time of the camera is also important when shooting action shots. Some cameras will chug away to store a picture in memory each time you press the shutter button. This, of course, is terrible for capturing action. One way around this is to ensure that your camera supports continuous shots. This way, the camera takes a fixed number of shots, before writing them all to memory at once.




Conclusion

We all know action photography is exciting and very interesting if the pictures are taken well. However, action shots pose a great challenge, especially to novice photographers. Do keep the above tips in mind the next time you take such shots, and Iím sure your results will be better.

#3 bestofel

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Posted 26 January 2006 - 10:35 AM

Ciput, pls include ur source url. TQ.. cool.gif

#4 cIpUt

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Posted 26 January 2006 - 03:10 PM

er apasal takde link untuk edit ek...anyway....

http://www.basic-digital-photography.com/

#5 root

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Posted 26 January 2006 - 05:17 PM

Tip 1: Bring a Tripod

Yes, wajib kepada pengemar fotografi... Saya pernah mempunyai tripod berjenama SLIK (http://www.slik.com/) . Cari yang kukuh dan tahan goyang, terutama kalau nak guna kamera + lensa yang berat-berat. Bagi memastikan kamera mendatar saya guna timbang air (jenis bulat).


Tip 2: Cable Release

Ya ... Gegaran akan tetap berlaku kalau anda release shutter dengan tangan, walaupun anda sudah guna tripod, lebih-lebih lagi kalau guna zoom yang panjang-panjang. Saya guna cable release jenis ini untuk kamera saya tu.. Juga baik untuk ambik gambar bintang dengan setting shutter speed ke 'B' (Bulb)


Kalau tak dak/mampu guna timer dah cukup dah... smile.gif

Tip 3: Use the Right Filters

Saya guna samada, skylight filter, UV filter atau polarized filter, tertakluk jenis permandangan... Kalau banyak biru, saya guna polarized filter.


Tip 5: Lenses

Mula dari 28 mm pun dah memadai... Kalau nak ambik gambar puncak gunung, kenalah sumbat 300mm + 2x magifier


Tip 7: Shoot at the Right Time

Tepat sama sekali... timing sangat perlu...





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